An Odyssey to the Greek Isles
There are many reasons to be seduced by the islands of the eastern Mediterranean. For me, a life-long love affair with Greece started on my first backpacking trip, swimming at midnight off a pebbly beach in Paros, the moon so bright and the water so clear that I could see my shadow on the sea bed. I still maintain that there’s no better lunch than fresh grilled fish, a Greek salad scattered with salty, herby feta and rich, green olive oil and a pitcher of chilled retsina wine. In a waterfront taverna, of course.
This mesmerizing region has so many layers you’ll never peel them all back, from archaeology to food, wine, nature and a sense of hospitality unlike anywhere else in the world. Here are 11 of my favorite ports – and many more reasons to visit this alluring region.
Where is it? The Greek capital sprawls over seven hills at the southern end of the Attica peninsula, on the Greek mainland.
What’s it famous for? First and foremost, the graceful Parthenon, perched on the summit of Acropolis Hill and an icon of the city. But there’s so much more; Greco-Roman antiquities are dotted all around the city centre, while the museums are among Europe’s finest; my absolute favorite is the ultra-modern Acropolis Museum, as much for its genius design as its miraculous contents, all finds from the slopes of the hill. You’ll find street markets – Monastiraki is the best known – and an impressive culinary scene, many of the best restaurants enjoying views across the rooftops to the floodlit Parthenon.
Where it is: The volcanic caldera of Santorini lies in the southern Cyclades, north of Crete. Also known as Thera or Fira, Santorini is actually the remaining rim of a once-vast volcano, curving in a semicircle with the tiny island of Nea Kameni at the centre.
What’s it famous for? First and foremost, those incredible sheer, black (and sometimes ochre and red) cliffs, falling into a sapphire sea so deep that ships can’t anchor but instead, tie up to giant pontoons. The clifftop towns, Fira, the capital, and pretty Oia, at the northern tip of the curve, encapsulate the colours of the Cyclades: brilliant white, cube-shaped houses, churches with sky-blue domes and cascading bougainvillea in shocking pink. Views and fiery sunsets aside, the Bronze Age excavations at Akrotiri are extraordinary – and no visit is complete without sampling the island’s excellent wines.
Special discoveries: Join a hike on Nea Kameni, the jumbled mass of black lava that squats in the middle of the caldera. You’ll reach the crater in 40 minutes and gaze down into a pit of wispy, pungent fumes and yellow sulphur crystals. At Palea Kameni, the island’s smaller sidekick, you can swim to a beach where the water is red from the iron ore in the rocks and 15 degrees warmer, like a tepid bath, fizzing with gas bubbling up from the sea bed.
On the main island, Oia is, in my opinion, more authentic than Fira and has the best photo opportunity – it’s here you’ll get that iconic shot of the blue-domed church. Try Roka for lunch, tucked away from the main street, with a pretty courtyard and uninterrupted views of the coast. Fava beans are an island speciality and here, they’re served with smoked eel and samphire. For wine tasting, try Santo, near Pyrgos; as well as excellent vintages, the sunny terrace has stupendous views.
Where It Is: Mykonos lies in the Cyclades island group and is characterized by its brilliant white architecture, windmills and beaches.
What it’s famous for: For decades, Mykonos has shone for its vibrant nightlife, beaches catering to all tastes and some very high-end restaurants and shopping.
Special discoveries: Dreamy Delos, Mykonos’ little sister, is the antidote to the hedonism of the main island, a UNESCO World Heritage site and the mythical birthplace of the gods Apollo and Artemis. Lose yourself here among rocky walkways, where wildflowers grow in the ruins of Doric temples and the view from the top gazes down on a Greek amphitheater and the what was a thriving port in the first century BC, with a population of around 30,000.
Back in Mykonos Town, aka Hora, head straight for Little Venice, the old fishing quarter, the waterfront now lined with bars and tavernas. Here, the cocktails are overpriced but the views of the old houses with brightly-colored balconies overhanging the sea divine. The water is so clear you can spot sea urchins scattered across the sea bed. Keep an eye out for the island’s resident pelicans, which strut imperiously into the fish tavernas for snacks from the kitchen.
Where it is: Paros is in the heart of the Cyclades, the same island group as Santorini and Mykonos.
What’s it famous for? Strangely enough, its perfect white marble. Both the Venus de Milo and Napoleon’s tomb were carved from Paros marble. Classic Cycladean architecture, some cool shopping and gorgeous beaches are the island’s other claims to fame. Its sleepy neighbour, Antiparos, also has a celebrity following. Actor Tom Hanks has a house here, as does former Bond star Pierce Brosnan.
Special discoveries: For seafood, head for Taverna Glafkos in the busy resort of Naousa, right on a pebbly beach and serving fish caught that morning. For a day at the beach, head over to Chrissi Akti, one of Paros’ most celebrated family-friendly beaches, to unwind, relax, and bask in the warm Greek sunshine.
Where is it? The much-overlooked little island of Syros lies in the centre of the ring of islands that make up the Cyclades group.
What’s it famous for? Syros is particularly low-key in terms of tourism, which is all part of the charm. As the administrative capital of the Cyclades group, it’s a surprisingly populous island, with a year-round buzz. The biggest draw is Ermoupoli, the capital, a jumble of gracious neoclassical and Venetian houses in pastel colors spilling over a hillside, all delicate, wrought iron balconies, painted shutters and sleepy squares.
Special discoveries: Ermoupoli is simply gorgeous to wander around. There’s a tiny opera house, the Apollon Theatre, built in 1864 and modelled on Milan’s La Scala. You’ll want to pop in to St. Nicholas Church, with a distinctive yellow façade and brilliant blue dome, the inside gleaming with gilt, icons and glittering chandeliers. It’s easy to see why locals dub it St. Nicholas the Rich. Agios Georgios Cathedral, perched on top of Ano Syros, the jumbled medieval quarter, is unusual in that it’s Roman Catholic, rather than Greek Orthodox.
When you stop for your morning coffee, a lengthy, sociable process involving sitting and chatting with locals rather than drinking on the hoof, you’ll be served loukoumi, a soft little bite of heaven dusted with icing sugar. This is an island speciality, although it’s popular all over Greece.
Where is it? Almost touching the Turkish coast, Rhodes is the principal island of the Dodecanese group.
What’s it famous for? Criss-crossed by different civilizations throughout antiquity, Rhodes has seemingly endless claims to fame. The gorgeous Acropolis at Lindos dates from the fourth century BC and is worth a day trip not least because Lindos itself is so pretty, a maze of narrow streets and once-grand mansions spilling over a hilltop. Nearby you’ll find the circular bay where St Paul was shipwrecked in 57AD. You won’t actually see Colossus of Rhodes, a massive bronze that straddled the entrance of Mandraki Harbour; it was built in 292 BC but was toppled by an earthquake less than 50 years later. The statue nonetheless made into the official list of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Special discoveries: My favorite historical sight is Ippoton, the smoothly polished Street of the Knights in Rhodes Town. Wait till late afternoon to head there, when the slanting light illuminates the austere facades of the Inns of each branch of the Knights Hospitaller, who ruled the island in the 14th century. In the mornings, the street is packed with tour groups but by late afternoon, you should have it to yourself and it’s like stepping back in time. .
Where Is It? Patmos is a speck of an island in the Dodecanese group, off the coast of Turkey.
What’s it famous for? This unassuming little island packs a massive historical punch. History states that following a vision, St John wrote the doom-laden Book of Revelations in a cave here, the event marked with a massive, sprawling 11th century monastery on the hilltop, more fortress than sanctuary.
Special Discoveries: While you’ll no doubt visit the monastery and the Grotto of the Apocalypse, Patmos has a more prosaic charm: shopping. Rich Athenians come to Skala, the little port town, for their fashion fix in stores like Thalasso, for Greek designers, or Iliotropio, a local institution selling floaty dresses, bags and hand-made leather sandals. For home décor, head for Talanto, a treasure trove of quirky objets d’art, wooden boats, antiques and jewelry.
Where is it? Heraklion is the capital of Crete, the southernmost of the Greek islands and the largest: 160 miles from west to east. The city is located roughly in the center of the island’s north coast.
What’s it known for? Just outside Heraklion, the remains of the 4,000-year-old Palace of Knossos is the island’s biggest draw, world-famous thanks to the legend of Theseus and the Minotaur but also impressive in its grand scale and the role it played as the heart of the Minoan civilization. The city itself is guarded by a chunky Venetian fortress, although Heraklion itself is modern.
Special discoveries: In Heraklion, you’ll certainly want to see Knossos, former residence of the great King Minos. Complete the puzzle with a visit to the Heraklion Archaeological Museum, its collection spanning 5,500 years and featuring some exquisite frescoes, as well as jewelry and delicate Minoan pottery. But don’t see Heraklion as somewhere only defined by its antiquities. Crete is all about food and hospitality and the island has a distinctive cuisine; like nothing I’ve seen anywhere else in Greece, with ingredients I’d never heard of before I visited. You just have to trust the chef and let them guide you through the island’s cuisine.
Where is it? This famed holiday resort lies towards the eastern end of Crete’s north coast on Mirabello Bay.
What’s it famous for? Agios Nikolaos has been a fashionable holiday resort for decades, candy-colored buildings spilling over a gentle hillside to Lake Voulismeni, a deep lagoon connected to the Aegean by a channel and today surrounded by cafes and tavernas. Legend says that the lake is bottomless and that the goddess Athena would bathe in its sweet water. Locals believe the lake, which is actually about 200 ft deep, is somehow connected to Santorini, as it overflowed last time Santorini erupted, in 1956. Otherwise, the area is known for its sandy beaches, café culture, drives into the wild, craggy mountains and the haunting island of Spinalonga, a former leper colony.
Special discoveries: Read Victoria Hislop’s bestseller, The Island, before you arrive in Crete, for a vivid picture of life in Spinalonga, a sad, eerie place that served as a leper colony until 1957. Spinalonga is north of Agios Nikolaos, near the swish beach resort of Elounda. You can combine a visit here with a snorkel trip over the sunken city of Olous, just off Elounda Bay. This Minoan settlement is believed to have been submerged when Santorini’s volcano erupted in 1540BC. Purists may argue that there’s little detail left, but I was astonished to be floating on the surface, gazing down through the aquamarine shallows at the stone layouts of ancient streets and the outlines of houses, thousands of years old.
Where is it? Towards the western end of Crete’s north coast, Souda Bay is a vast, natural bay, gateway to the gorgeous Venetian port of Chania.
What’s it famous for? Souda Bay itself is the location of a big NATO base, with the Souda Bay War Cemetery honouring Allied soldiers who fought in World War II. It’s a short drive to Venetian Chania and in the other direction, the busy beach resort of Rethymnon.
Special discoveries: Lose yourself in Chania, where there’s more than a hint of Venice in the graceful old buildings, in shades of ochre and vermillion, with dark green shutters. You’ll want to wander round the old harbour, stopping for an ouzo by the water or trying a flaky cheese pie for lunch. Nip into Skridlof, aka Leather Street, a street where every shop is dedicated to leather. You’ll find pretty, handmade leather sandals among the imports and an overwhelming array of bags and purses. But Chania is also the epicentre of Crete’s olive oil production, so pay a visit to Terra Creta, set in Kolymvari, a landscape of silvery olive groves and rolling hills, for an education in olive oil from harvesting to pressing to bottling and, of course, tasting. Terra Creta is a host on Silversea’s exciting new S.A.L.T. culinary immersion programme and has won multiple awards for its oil. It’s only when you’ve savoured the nutty taste or admired the gold-green hue of the finest biodynamic oils that you realise generic supermarket blends are over for you.
Where is it? Limassol, or Lemesos is a busy port on the southern coast of Greek-speaking Cyprus, one of the largest islands in the Mediterranean, tucked up in the north-east corner and influenced as much by the Middle East as Greece.
What’s it famous for? Different cultures have left their mark Cyprus over the centuries. You’ll find everything from crusader castles to Greco-Roman antiquities, monasteries positively dripping in gold, ancient tombs and along the coast at Paphos, the intricate mosaics of a third century Roman villa. There’s political interest in Nicosia, Europe’s last divided capital, demarcated across the centre by the ‘green line’ (on a map, not an actual green line) which splits the Greek and Turkish sides following the Turkish invasion of 1974. And then there’s nature. While the coast is busy and highly developed, the Troodos mountain range, a craggy spine running through the centre of the island, is another world, of hiking trails through the dappled shade of cedar forests and alongside ice-cold, tumbling rivers. The coast is dramatic, too, the western tip of the island riddled with sea caves and rock stacks. You’ll probably pay your respects at Petra Tou Romiou, an enormous rock formation where the goddess Aphrodite is believed to have emerged from the foaming sea.
Special discoveries: What I love about Cyprus is the fact that there are so many surprises; layers and layers of intrigue under what at first glance is a rather heavily developed coastline. You don’t have to go far inland to discover sleepy villages of stone-built houses, locals playing backgammon over a coffee to a soundtrack of cicadas and braying donkeys. Head a little further inland and there are nature trails to explore. With time to spare, these are wonderful hikes but on a day visit, you’re better off taking a 4×4 and a local guide. My favorite is the 11-mile Enetika Gefyria trail, through dense pine forests, its highlights three graceful Venetian bridges. These 15th century structures don’t lead anywhere but their height, simplicity and grace are enchanting. The bridges are part of the old Camel Trail, built as the quickest route from the copper mines in the hills, after which the island is named, to the coast, the ore ferried by camel trains.